Description: Unlike other breeds, the Chihuahua breed can vary in height and are measured more by their weight. American and British standards state that this breed should not weigh more than six pounds, but British standards recommend between two and four pounds. This breed can grow up to 15 inches, this being the exception rather than the rule. This breed has long and short haired Chihuahuas. This falls under the small toy dog size category. They have a well-rounded head and a short, pointed muzzle. However, these have a soft spot on the top of their skull, which has usually closed in adulthood. This breed has beautiful, round, wide-looking eyes. With erect ears, which are large in appearance. Its tail curls over the back or to the side, it is long and has a sickle shape. The coat comes in both short coats; wavy or flat coat and long coat. All colors are acceptable in this breed. This includes splashed and solid. Some examples of color are red, cream, blue, black, chocolate and black and tan, and merle, although this is not recognized by all show standards. This dog can live up to 17 years but is more likely 10-17 years.
History: The Chihuahua breed comes from South America and is native to Mexico; this is how the state of Chihuahua gets its name. This is the oldest breed of dog on the American continent. Here we see the smallest breed of dog in the world. This dog was thought to be sacred to pre-Columbian Indians. There is a debate about the facts of the history of these dogs and in fact it could be traced back to Malta in the Mediterranean, but this is seen through works of art rather than fact. There is also the idea that this dog came from China about 200 years ago. The DNA suggests that it is of Old World origin, this form of analysis only checks the mothers side, so the father’s side is not clear or known. We know for a fact that this dog has a long history in Mexico. With ties to the Toltec breed, which is a slightly larger dog whose history dates back to the 2nd century BC.
Temperament: The Chihuahua dog is very territorial and can be very protective. With a temperament that can be easily provoked. This dog, although small in size, needs good and strong leadership from the human being, this dog is a pack dog and he needs you to be the leader of the pack. This is often forgotten due to their small size and that is why a cloud of misinformation follows this breed. While they are protective and territorial, this does not have to mean mismanagement. Often times it is we humans who change the rules and then misbehave. If this dog were bigger, we would treat him like a dog and thus have less problems. The answer is that they are dogs and should be treated like dogs. The AKC describes this breed as “a funny, alert, fast-moving puppy with a cheeky expression, compact with terrier-like temperament qualities.”