The Bible, the world’s best-selling book of all time, records key events relating to humanity, from the creation of the first man and woman (described in Genesis, his first book) to the end of this age, described throughout the Tanakh (Christian Old Testament) and expanded on the Book of Revelation (the closing book of the Brit chadashah or Christian New Testament). This study is a continuation of ‘Genesis Part 1’, which described the creation of the world and its inhabitants; its corruption and progressive deterioration through the influence of humanity’s implacable adversary Say ah–Satan; and God’s indissoluble covenant with Noah, ratified by a rainbow.
Test your knowledge
1. Where was Babel located?
2. From which of Noah’s sons did Abram descend?
3. Where did Abram first call on Gd’s Name?
4. Where did Lot go from Sodom and Gomorrah, and what were the two tribes that resulted from his incestuous acts?
5. Name Abram’s father and brothers.
6. How old were Abraham and Sarah when Isaac was born?
7. Discuss Abram’s call.
8. Why did Lot and Abram separate, and where did each of them go?
9. Discuss Gd’s three covenants with Abram (Genesis 13, 15, 17).
10. How was the third covenant different from the first two?
11. Why did Hagar name her son Ishmael?
12. Comment on Abraham’s negotiation with Gd Sodom.
13. What is the meaning of Beersheba?
14. What prompted Gd to swear by Himself in Genesis 22?
15. Where and at what age did Sarah die?
16. Discuss the two deceptions of Abraham.
Highlights of Genesis chapters 11-25
In Chapter 11, we see the second rebellion of humanity against the Creator, beginning, as in the first case, with the sinful act of Canaan, and then becoming more general in the events that led to the construction and demolition of the Tower of Babel. . The first Fall occurred among the flowers and fruits of Eden; the second between the bricks and the asphalt of the city. Chapter 12 describes the calling of Abraham, known as the Friend of Gd and Father of the Faithful. All the saved of all ages are “children of Abraham.” Just as through Noah, G-d closed the gap between the antediluvian and post-flood worlds, through Abraham, He closed the gulf between the second great apostasy of mankind and the appearance of the Lord Jesus Christ, the Sun of Righteousness. with healing on His wings. . The next three chapters contain details of Abram’s separation from Lot; a military operation in which Abram and his allies rescued Lot after his capture by a raiding party; and a confirmation of the heavenly promise to Abram.
After 10 years in which the promised son and heir has not materialized, Sarai suggests that Abram father a son with his personal servant Hagar. By this means, which was perfectly legitimate on that day, Abram and Sarai Try to help Gd keep His promise. However, Gd reaffirms His existing covenant with Abraham and orders the rite of circumcision as his sign (Chapter 17). In Chapter 18, Gd reaffirms the covenant for Sarah’s benefit and announces the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, which is duly carried out (Chapter 19), as referenced throughout the New Testament. Chapter 20 describes how Abraham and Sarah use an act of subterfuge as a protective device: although this strategy seemed to work from a human point of view, in fact, it required G-d’s intervention to carry out their plans. for Abraham.
Chapters 21 through 25 detail the birth of Isaac, the mockery of Ishmael followed by the expulsion of Hagar and Ishmael from Abram’s house; the constitution and statutes of Judaism and the embryo of Christianity; Sarah’s death and burial in the Cave of Machpelah; the procuring of a wife for Isaac; the birth of Jacob and Esau; and the act of Esau selling his birthright.
The faithfulness of Abraham
Faithfulness trusts even when the final shape of our circumstances is unpredictable. Abram’s (later Abraham) age and personal circumstances made the fulfillment of Gd’s promises seem impossible, but he remained faithful. Faithfulness always sees that nothing is impossible for Gd.
Don’t be wise in your own opinion; Fear the LORD and turn away from evil. This will bring healing to your body and refreshment to your bones. Proverbs 3: 7-8.
Answers to TYK’s questions
1. Babel was located in Shinar, in northern Mesopotamia.
2. Abram was a descendant of Shem.
3. Abram first invoked the Name of Gd at Bethel-near-Ai, where he built an altar.
4. From Sodom and Gomorrah, Lot went to a small town called Zoar. The two tribes that resulted from the incest between Lot and his daughters were the Ammonites and the Moabites.
5. Abram’s father was named Terah; his brothers were Nahor and Will do.
6. Abraham and Sarah were 100 and 91 years old, respectively, when Isaac was born.
7. Gd told Abram at the age of 75, while living in Ur of the Chaldeans in Mesopotamia, to leave the city and reveal a destiny. Taking his wife Sarai and nephew Lot (son of the late Haran), moved to Canaan, settling between Bethel and Ai.
8. Abram and Lot were separated due to discussions among their individual entourages about territorial invasions. So Abram lived in Canaan, while Lot chose the fertile plain of the Jordan.
9. Gd’s three covenants with Abram: (1) In Genesis 13: 14-18, after separating from Lot, Gd assured Abram that Canaan would be his inheritance. (2) In Genesis 15, after Abram rescued Lot and met Melchizedek, God told Abram in a vision of his impending fatherhood. (3) In Genesis 17, Abram ratified the aforementioned covenant through circumcision.
10. Gd’s third covenant with Abram differed from the first two in that it involved a physical manipulation of the flesh, in male circumcision. rite, as well as a name change from Abram to Abraham.
11. Hagar gave her son the name Ishmael because God had heard her in her distress after Sarai evicted her and her teenage son Ishmael into the desert.
12. Abraham put a minimum number of righteous souls for Gd to save the city, successively lowering it from 50 to 45, 40, 30 and finally 10. Therefore, he was the first intercessor.
13. Beersheba, which means “well of seven” or “well of the oath”, marked the place where Abraham made a peace treaty with Abimelech, king of Gerahand called on the name of the Lord.
14. Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his only legitimate son (Genesis 22) is the act that prompted Gd to swear by himself.
15. Sarah died at the age of 127 in Kiriath Arba (Hebron, Canaan), when Isaac was 36 years old.
16. Abraham’s two deceptions: (1) In Egypt, he claimed that Sarah was his sister, prompting Pharaoh to take her to his palace (Genesis 12: 10-20). (2) He made the same claim to Abimelech King of Gerah in Genesis 20: 1-7.